Σύστημα Συνεδρίων ΠΕΔιΣ, Δημοκρατία, ανάπτυξη και ασφάλεια: Πολιτική σε συνθήκες αβεβαιότητας

Μέγεθος Γραμματοσειράς: 
RIVARLY AND INSTITUTIONALISM IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY
Βικτωρία ΜΑΡΙΝΟΣ Πιστικού

Τελευταία τροποποίηση: 2017-07-19

Περίληψη


The paper’s objective is to examine how International Development Cooperation and International Lending Institutions promote rivalry among donor states. It relies on the theoretical aspect of Realism, according to which institutions enable states to coordinate however, there are asymmetric benefits for each state, since power is the dominant variable which sets out the formation and the operation of each institution. The analytical framework of this paper is developed under the prism of International Political Economy. The main assumption is that international lending institutions and International Development Cooperation mainly promote their leader’s national interests and influence, rather than cooperation. Thus, the rivalry among the donor states is also invigorating through international lending institutions and international development cooperation, since they struggle to create clone-states, by altering the domestic structure of the recipient state. In order to examine our assumption, we take as dependent variable the national interest and as independent variables the International Development Cooperation (in bilateral and multilateral level), as well as the shareholding in International Lending Institutions. We focus on these variables, because both of them directly affect the national sovereignty of the recipient country, since they transform the domestic structure of the (recipient) state. In this context, we examine the Sino-US rivalry through their role in International Development Cooperation and their leading role in international lending institutions, such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. We conclude that aid for development and international institutionalism can be a means of rivalry, among the states.